Global care chains and surrogacy, what do they have in common?
Surrogacy is often referred to as a form of transnational motherhood in cooperation with people who come from different geographical areas, and often also from different social classes and ethnicities. The global care chains are also considered a transnational form of maternity conformed by women from impoverished countries who perform care work for people, usually of a higher social class and also of different ethnicity.
This communication aims to explore the common points of these two phenomena highly present in the Spanish society: surrogacy and the global care chains, and those factors that make them possible: globalization and the precariousness of care- related functions. In both cases, multiple inequalities are exploited at a global level to ensure the processes of reproduction and care in enriched countries. This communication is part of the R & D project «Surrogacy: parental transformations in Spain in the 21st century» (CSO2014 – 55556P), and will provide first data obtained in the framework of this investigation. More specifically, preliminary results of the survey about surrogacy in Spain will be presented. This survey is pioneer in the analysis of this topic from an integral and multidisciplinary perspective.
Anna Morero is lecturer at the Department of Sociology. She is part of the International Research Group Copolis, which is founded by the Ministry of Economics and Competitiveness to study gestational surrogacy in Spain, which is also the topic of her PhD. She is also involved in the intervention, research and activism in the field of sexual and reproductive rights.