Ovum donors in Spain: how they would face the lifting of anonymity and contact with children born of their reproductive donation.
In Spain the situation of anonymity and selection of donors by clinics / gamete / business banks, supported by the assisted reproduction system in Spain and the sociocultural framework, can explain that families do not question the second and they resist the lifting of the first and, therefore, that their children can meet and contact the donors. Is the right to know the origins compatible with the anonymity of gamete donation? The version of egg donors in Spanish clinics is unknown on several issues: Do they prefer anonymity? Would they be donors if anonymity is raised? Do you consider the possible contact-knowledge of children born from their donation? What are the motivations to donate beyond the discourse on altruism? What is the sociodemographic profile of donors in Spain? Egg donors are perceived more as providers than patients, but, really, what repercussions does the act of donating in their social, work and health life?
To answer these questions, the data under analysis have been obtained through: observation in two clinics in Madrid, in consultations, operating rooms, waiting rooms and clinical team meetings; analysis of clinical records, records and informed consents; and 38 ethnographic interviews with donors of ovules from the Community of Madrid, Catalonia, Valencia and Andalucia, captured through different systems and at different moments of the donation. The period from October 2016 to September 2017, with the investigation still open. Funding has been made within the Project “Familias, centros de reproducción asistida y donantes: miradas cruzadas. Variaciones según modelos familiares y anonimato/no anonimato de la donación” CSO2015-64551-C3-2-R, MINECO/FEDER.
Consuelo Álvarez is PhD in Social Anthropology at Complutense University of Madrid (CUM). Professor in the Department of Social Anthropology. She has been professor in University of Lisbon, in Università de Foggia (Italy), and in University of Buenos Aires (Argentine). Her research interests are related to Anthropology of Sexual and Reproductive Health, maternal and child health, new forms of family and kinship, and new reproductive technologies and public policies. She has participated in several investigations related to these topics, which results have resulted in several publications. Currently, she is principal investigator, along with Ana María Rivas Rivas, of the project “Families, assisted reproduction centres and donors: crossed views. Variations according to family models and donation anonymity / non-anonymity “CSO2015-64551-C3-2-R. She is a member of the research team of the Anthropology Research Group on Social and Cultural Policies (APSYC) of the CUM.