Kinship, filiation and parenthood in NRT
The presentation will reflect on the convenience of making the distinction between filiation and kinship when dealing with the context related to new kinship situations (international adoption, gamete donation, surrogay, gay and lesbian families, embryo donation…). Considering mainly the different weigh of the symbols related to the kinship sphere, the permanence and current shape of incest prohibitions will constitute the starting point of the demonstration. The whole presentation aims to show that, inspite of the novelties related to new genetics and new family forms, the continuities with other kinship contexts, traditionally studied by anthropology, are worth taking into consideration. The very notion of kinship, based on relational bodies that, in the sharing of their material components, belong to each other will constitute the main tool to advance in the conceptual distinction I want to take into consideration. The distinction between the filiative relation, based on recognition and mainly inscribed in the juridic realm, and the kinship relation, inscribed in the porous relational body.
Enric Porqueres i Gené is Directeur d’Etudes at tthe EHESS and researcher at the IIAC-LAIOS. He is working on kinship anthropology in the European context, both in history and in the contemporary context. He has worked on the weight of marriage in the definition of social and ethnic boundaries and more recently on the contemporary context of kinship, linked to new reproductive technologies and the new family forms. He is now working on catholic bioethics and develops a comparative approach of embryological systems.