What do we know about public opinion on surrogacy in Spain?
In what do we know about public opinion on surrogacy in Spain? we reflect on the opinion of the population of 11 countries in which between 1998 and 2016 has been asked about surrogacy. The contribution is based on the fact that subrogation – such as the adoption of children – is not a mere solution to infertility (medical approach), with psychological and legal consequences, but socially constructed realities that reflect the attitude of the population towards the dominant ideologies (essentialist assumptions) that a society maintains around the family, the gender roles and the social function of the sons and daughters (Berger and Luckman, 1966). The social, bioethical, and political controversy that revolves around subrogation has led to a lengthy investigation into the psychological and medical outcomes of subrogation arrangements in the parties involved. However, there is little reflection on the opinions and attitudes of the population against surrogate motherhood. The challenges that, particularly the subrogation and in general the reproductive techniques will have to face in Spain will be limited if the reflection does not contemplate both the opinion and the social structure that sustains it. Likewise, it can not be overlooked that public opinion influences medical and civil authorities in the field of human reproduction and health policies as well as in the recognition of the reproductive rights of individuals. The exposition will focus on presenting the patterns of population opinion in relation to two of the most controversial issues: closed subrogation vs open subrogation (anonymity / disclosure); commercial subrogation vs. altruistic subrogation.
María José Rodríguez is graduated (1993) and Doctor (2000) in Sociology by the University of Alicante (UA). Her teaching activity has been linked to the area of Sociology of the population and, specifically, to the areas of Population Theory, Demographic Analysis, Family and Childhood. She has taught in the Doctorate programs of the Department of Sociology I (UA) and the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Buenos Aires (Argentina) where she has always dealt with aspects related to the new family forms. She is Coordinator of the research group of the UA Society, Population and Environment from which she develops two lines of research: transnational families and maternities and the sociology of adoptions. In this second line of research she has been the Principal Investigator of the R & D & I projects «The (baby)boom of international adoptions in Spain. A sociological research on adoptive families and their lifestyles «and» A new scenario for children: Attitudes, motivations and availability of the Spanish population towards adoption and fostering «(currently oingoing). The results obtained have been published in several scientific journals highlighting: «Surveys self-administered by internet. A case study: ‘adoptive families and their lifestyles’ «(Empiria, 2014),» The ideological and social construction of the phenomenon of adoptions: advances and challenges for a sociology of adoptions «(Politics and Society, 2015 ) and «Social stigma and international adoption in Spain: is the adoptive family a family model less» authentic «than those based on biological ties? (Papers, 2015). In 2017, the Center for Sociological Research (CIS) published the book «Sociological analysis with personal documents», which addresses the use, for scientific purposes, of personal documents taking as a narrative and methodological axis the personal documents written and published by mothers and adoptive parents.