Global care chains and surrogacy, what do they have in common?
Surrogacy is often referred to as a form of transnational motherhood in cooperation with people who come from different geographical areas, and often also from different social classes and ethnicities. The global care chains are also considered a transnational form of maternity conformed by women from impoverished countries who perform care work for people, usually of a higher social class and also of different ethnicity.
This communication aims to explore the common points of these two phenomena highly present in the Spanish society: surrogacy and the global care chains, and those factors that make them possible: globalization and the precariousness of care- related functions. In both cases, multiple inequalities are exploited at a global level to ensure the processes of reproduction and care in enriched countries. This communication is part of the R & D project «Surrogacy: parental transformations in Spain in the 21st century» (CSO2014 – 55556P), and will provide first data obtained in the framework of this investigation. More specifically, preliminary results of the survey about surrogacy in Spain will be presented. This survey is pioneer in the analysis of this topic from an integral and multidisciplinary perspective.
Rosa Ortiz is PhD in Sociology at the University of Barcelona. Master in “Gender and Women Studies» at the University of Barcelona and Postgraduate diploma in “International Development Cooperation” at the Autonomous University of Barcelona. Degree in Economics at the Pompeu Fabra University (Barcelona). Researcher in Group Copolis. Research topics: feminist economics, care work and global processes, family diversity.